First aid in an accident is eyewitnesses of what happened, which can be both drivers and passengers, and pedestrians. The life of the victim depends on the quick, well-coordinated and, most importantly, the correct actions of the witnesses to the accident.
After a car accident, the driver and eyewitnesses of the tragedy need to perform a number of important actions:
At the time of the call of the doctors, it is necessary to clearly and consistently provide the dispatcher with the necessary information:
The call of rescuers is also necessary if it is not possible to extract the victims of the accident from the car.
Step by step instructions
In the event that people are conscious, their movements are not limited, you need to help them get out of the vehicle.
If people are unconscious, they must be taken out of the car very carefully. It is advisable that 2-3 people provide assistance. One eyewitness should take the victim under the armpits, and the second by the legs.
The following victim assistance activities are provided in this order:
The main goal at the time of first aid in road accidents is to eliminate factors that pose a threat to human life.
These include deadly signs:
Before deciding on resuscitation, you need to make sure that the victim has no signs of life. Urgent resuscitation care is required if a person has one of the following factors missing:
To check the reaction of the pupils, you need to gently push the eyelid of a person, put a palm on him. If after the palm is removed, the pupils do not narrow, this indicates a critical condition of a person.
Nevertheless, the provision of first aid should be carried out as long as there is at least the slightest hope of saving a person.
The resuscitation process involves two successive stages:
The implementation of the first action is extremely important, since cleaning the upper respiratory tract will allow a person to start breathing independently. This action will help to carry out artificial respiration.
First aid for cleaning the respiratory tract is performed in the following order:
Artificial respiration is necessary to restore lung function by supplying oxygen to them. Perform this technique until the patient begins to breathe on his own or medical workers arrive.
Heart massage performed using the technique of indirect exposure, allows you to provide organs and tissues with the right amount of blood supply. Rescue operations are carried out until a clear ripple or the arrival of professionals.
After the victim’s signs of life have clearly begun to be traced (weak breathing and pulsation on the carotid artery have appeared), a rehabilitation measure is carried out, which consists in ensuring the person’s position on his side.
If the patient has breathing and a pulse is felt, but he is in an unconscious state, help is provided in this order:
If necessary, resuscitation actions begin immediately.
Mon 09:00 am – 07:00 pm
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